There are over 100 different types of arthritis that can affect the hip joint. However, the most common forms are injury related arthritis, osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis means “inflammation of the joint”. Hip arthritis is caused by the damage of cartilage causing the thigh bone or the femur to rub painfully against the acetabulum or the rounded socket. It is a progressive disease, which gradually gets worse over time, the rate of which varies from patient to patient.
Injury Related Arthritis
Injury related arthritis is the wearing out of a joint caused by trauma or an injury. Sports injuries, falls and such trauma can damage the cartilage. If unchecked or worsened by excess body weight, the cartilage will continue to deteriorate.
Osteoarthritis of the Hip is very common globally. It is a degenerative disease, which causes the cartilage to wear out and the bones of the hip joint to rub against one another. The hip joint then gets stiff and inflamed. With consistent deterioration, the pain can become unmanageable resulting in the patient not being able to move at all.
Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease. It affects the entire body and not just the hip joint. Unlike osteoarthritis, which impacts one hip at a time, rheumatoid arthritis patients usually face deterioration of both hip joints. Rheumatoid arthritis causes a swelling of the synovial lining, which contains the synovial fluid which lubricates the joint. The causes of rheumatoid arthritis are not clear but there may be an association with overall weakness and fatigue.